Pompey had been assassinated late September on the orders of Ptolemy XIII who hoped this action would win the support of Caesar in his Civil War against his sister Cleopatra. He changed the Roman republic into a monarchy and laid the foundations of a … Caesar invades Italy, Sardinia, Sicily. Unfortunately they forgot to take the treasury with them. Civil War between Caesar and Pompey began when Julius Caesar, with Marc Antony as second in command, crossed the Rubicon river and began to march on Rome. 47 – His next battle was with Cleopatra, after which he continued to fight. Hailing from an Italian provincial background, Pompey first distinguished him... Gaius Julius Caesar is remembered as one of history's greatest generals and a key ruler of the Roman empire. Crossed the Rubicon river with his thirteenth legion and marched on Rome. Battle of Munda. Hopefully not mine. Made a raiding expedition across the Rhine and into Germany, With Crassus dead and the marriage tie between Caesar and Pompey broken, the Triumvirate fell apart, Ordered to return to Rome unarmed by Pompey (now leader of the Senate) because his term as governor or Gaul had ended and he had to face re-election. Pompey, the Republic's hope, was left without his main army, which was still in Spain, and his support base was in the eastern provinces. Allied with his uncle Gaius Marius against Sulla, Appointed High Priest of Jupiter by Gaius Marius. Julius Caesar faced mounting opposition especially from Clodius, Cicero, Cato, and Bibulus. Became head of the family after his father died. This meant civil war within the Roman Republic. Massilia refuses to admit Caesar. Pompey fled … Arrested Cato for speaking against his Agrarian Bill, Pompey married Julius Caesar’s daughter, Julia, Governor of Roman Gaul – He set about planning to conquer all of Gaul and his subsequent conquest is known as the Gallic Wars, Conquers the Swiss after a decisive victory at the Battle of Bibracte, Defeated Nervii tribes at Battle of Sabis. It remained in effect until the 16th century. That's why his right-hand man, Labienus, left him. Caesar goes to Spain and defeats Afranius and Petreius in the Ilerda campaign. Their was unrest in Rome due to several poor harvests resulting in a grain shortage. He used part of his growing wealth from Gallic loot to hire political agents in Rome. He staged lavish Games using money loaned from Crassus, Elected Pontifex Maximus – largely due to bribes, Formed an unofficial alliance (first triumvirate) with Pompey and Crassus. He then took his forces to Spain to crush Pompey's army. Caesar's Civil War was a conflict that occurred on Earth-1 in 49 BC due to Julius Caesar's defiance of the Senate's orders. "The Great Roman Civil war" or "Caesars Civil War"(Click to see when) It began as a series of political and military confrontations, between Julius Caesar, his political supporters, and his legions, against the Optimates, the politically conservative, socially traditionalist faction of the Roman Senate. This timeline details the life of Julius Caesar from birth 100 BCE to his assassination in 44 BCE. Pursued Pompey to Egypt. The second phase witnessed the onset of an armed insurgency and Syria’s descent into full-scale civil war. The civil war was unavoidable as Caesar was power-hungry and would always try and achieve greater things. The great general was fresh off a stunning military campaign in Gaul, but his longtime alliance with Pompey the Great had turned into a bitter rivalry. As a young man he rose through the administrative ranks of the Roman republic, accumulating power until he was elected consul in 59 B.C. Gaius Julius Caesar’s African Campaign: The Campaign to Destroy the Allies of Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus The cause of the Roman Civil War, which spilled over the Mediterranean Sea to North Africa, lay in the deterioration of social order in the later years of the Roman Republic. Cleopatra may have given birth to his son who was named Caesarion, Battle of Thapsus. Luca Conference reaffirmed the First Triumvirate and extended his Governorship of Gaul. The Great Roman Civil War (49–45 BC), also known as Caesar's Civil War, was one of the last politico-military conflicts in the Roman Republic before the establishment of the Roman Empire. Episode one of a 4-episode planned series (An extremely brief history of Rome). Announced that his nephew Octavian would be his heir. A Roman Civil War begins Julius Caesar and Pompey the Great went to war against each … 49 – A Roman Civil-War breaks out between Caesar and Pompey. Many people blamed Caesar’s Agrarian Law. The Senate refused permission and demanded his return. The outbreak of civil war. The Civil War is a tense and gripping depiction of his struggle with Pompey over the leadership of Republican Rome – a conflict that spanned the entire Roman world, from Gaul and Spain to Asia and Africa. Life of Gaius Julius Caesar, founder of the Roman Empire. After failing to subdue his enemies at Dyrrhachium (now Dürres, Albania), Caesar clashed with Pompey somewhere near Pharsalus (now Fársala, Greece). Cicero was offered a part of the alliance but declined, Passed a measure that required all debates in the Senate to be recorded. Was pardoned later that year. Even more pressing was the Pompey-aligned factions of the Roman Senate, which demanded that he disband his army and return home as a civilian. The Great Roman Civil War (49–45 BC), aka Caesar’s Civil War, was one of the last politico-military conflicts in the Roman Republic before the establishment of the Roman Empire. The Battle of Pharsalus was a decisive battle of Caesar's Civil War. 45 – Julius Caesar named himself Rome’s dictator for life. The Podcast Network. Author unknown CC BY-SA 3.0 For his part, Pompey, conqueror of Spain, Syria, and Palestine, was confident that so many of his veterans lived in Italy that he needed only to stamp his foot and legions would spring from the very soil. Caesar was horrified at the murder of Pompey and demanded a return of money Egypt owed to Rome. 49 BCE (after 10th January) Pompey and the Optimates left Rome and fled to Greece. Evolve. He also decided to back Cleopatra rather than her brother. Spoke in favour of a move to restructure the Eastern Mediterranean, Served as aedile – responsibility for temples, buildings and the Games. Ptolemy lay siege to Alexandria. Quickly taking several northern towns, the news reached Rome by January 17. The Great Roman Civil War (49�45 BC), aka Caesar�s Civil War, was one of the last politico-military conflicts in the Roman Republic before the establishment of the Roman Empire. Began a German campaign pushing Roman territory beyond the Rhine for the first time, Made an expedition to Britain, landed on the beach at Deal but was unable to progress further inland, Made a second expedition to Britain. Gaius Julius Caesar: Civil War Gaius Julius Caesar (13 July 100 - 15 March 44 BCE), Roman statesman, general, author, famous for the conquest of Gaul (modern France and Belgium) and his subsequent coup d'état. First Triumvirate. He took the city of Alexandria in Egypt for his headquarters. …the decisive engagement in the Roman civil war (49–45 bce) between Julius Caesar and Pompey the Great. Decisive victory over Pompey who fled to Egypt. I.1 - 6 Events in Rome, early January 49 BCE. Forces loyal to Pompey’s sons were defeated and the elder son killed. The Commentaries on the Civil War are Julius Caesar's own account of his conflict with Pompey and his allies in the Roman Senate during 48-49BC. Caesar's opponents were no match for his generalship. Vowing, “The die is cast,” he rallied his men, crossed the Rubicon into Italy and ignited a civil war. Claudius’ last meal. Julius Caesar was victorious against the forces of Ptolemy XIII. Flight of the tribunes to Caesar. The city fell in September, Battle of Dyrrhachium against Pompey in Macedonia. Julius Caesar launched a civil war in ancient Rome in order to take control of the government as the most powerful leader. Stripped of High Priesthood by Sulla, an enemy of the Julii family, who had become Dictator of Rome following victory at the Battle of the Colline Gate (1st November). 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