), (b) Psychologists conducting intervention research involving the use of experimental treatments clarify to participants at the outset of the research (1) the experimental nature of the treatment; (2) the services that will or will not be available to the control group(s) if appropriate; (3) the means by which assignment to treatment and control groups will be made; (4) available treatment alternatives if an individual does not wish to participate in the research or wishes to withdraw once a study has begun; and (5) compensation for or monetary costs of participating including, if appropriate, whether reimbursement from the participant or a third-party payor will be sought. Psychologists' work is based upon established scientific and professional knowledge of the discipline. When institutional approval is required, psychologists provide accurate information about their research proposals and obtain approval prior to conducting the research. (See also Standard 2.03, Maintaining Competence.). Psychologists establish relationships of trust with those with whom they work. (a) After research results are published, psychologists do not withhold the data on which their conclusions are based from other competent professionals who seek to verify the substantive claims through reanalysis and who intend to use such data only for that purpose, provided that the confidentiality of the participants can be protected and unless legal rights concerning proprietary data preclude their release. (d) If limitations to services can be anticipated because of limitations in financing, this is discussed with the recipient of services as early as is feasible. They are concerned about the ethical compliance of their colleagues' scientific and professional conduct. This brief article outlines the highlights and flaws of the Stanford Prison Experiment and discusses why it is still controversial. 2.04 Bases for Scientific and Professional Judgments (b) Where scientific or professional knowledge in the discipline of psychology establishes that an understanding of factors associated with age, gender, gender identity, race, ethnicity, culture, national origin, religion, sexual orientation, disability, language, or socioeconomic status is essential for effective implementation of their services or research, psychologists have or obtain the training, experience, consultation, or supervision necessary to ensure the competence of their services, or they make appropriate referrals, except as provided in Standard 2.02, Providing Services in Emergencies. 4.05 Disclosures These activities shall be distinguished from the purely private conduct of psychologists, which is not within the purview of the Ethics Code. Ethical principles of psycholo-gists and code of conduct. Mere possession of an institutional position, such as department chair, does not justify authorship credit. Psychologists responsible for education and training programs take reasonable steps to ensure that there is a current and accurate description of the program content (including participation in required course- or program-related counseling, psychotherapy, experiential groups, consulting projects, or community service), training goals and objectives, stipends and benefits, and requirements that must be met for satisfactory completion of the program. (a) Psychologists may disclose confidential information with the appropriate consent of the organizational client, the individual client/patient, or another legally authorized person on behalf of the client/patient unless prohibited by law. American Psychological Association. Psychologists do not terminate therapy to circumvent this standard. Revision of ethical standard 3.04 of the “Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct” (2002, as amended 2010). Psychologists who review material submitted for presentation, publication, grant, or research proposal review respect the confidentiality of and the proprietary rights in such information of those who submitted it. h�bbd``b`n�m b5�`� q� �&�X;�`u��@�nWD����@�+ The Preamble and 1.07 Improper Complaints In situations in which deception may be ethically justifiable to maximize benefits and minimize harm, psychologists have a serious obligation to consider the need for, the possible consequences of, and their responsibility to correct any resulting mistrust or other harmful effects that arise from the use of such techniques. Psychologists cooperate in ethics investigations, proceedings, and resulting requirements of the APA or any affiliated state psychological association to which they belong. As used in this Ethics Code, the term reasonable means the prevailing professional judgment of psychologists engaged in similar activities in similar circumstances, given the knowledge the psychologist had or should have had at the time. When entering into employment or contractual relationships, psychologists make reasonable efforts to provide for orderly and appropriate resolution of responsibility for client/patient care in the event that the employment or contractual relationship ends, with paramount consideration given to the welfare of the client/patient. Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct (hereinafter referred to as the Ethics Code) consists of an Introduction, a Preamble, five General Principles (A–E), and specific Ethical Standards. The fact that a given conduct is not specifically addressed by an Ethical Standard does not mean that it is necessarily either ethical or unethical. The Introduction discusses the intent, organization, procedural considerations, and scope of application of the Ethics Code. Ethical Principles of Psychologists and... Rules and Procedures of the APA Ethics Committee, 1.02, Conflicts Between Ethics and Law, Regulations, or Other Governing Legal Authority, 1.03, Conflicts Between Ethics and Organizational Demands, 1.04, Informal Resolution of Ethical Violations, 1.08, Unfair Discrimination Against Complainants and Respondents, 7.07, Sexual Relationships with Students and Supervisees, 10.05, Sexual Intimacies with Current Therapy Clients/Patients, 10.06, Sexual Intimacies with Relatives or Significant Others of Current Therapy Clients/Patients, 10.07, Therapy with Former Sexual Partners, 10.08, Sexual Intimacies with Former Therapy Clients/Patients, 6.02c, Maintenance, Dissemination, and Disposal of Confidential Records of Professional and Scientific Work, 8.03, Informed Consent for Recording Voices and Images in Research, 8.05, Dispensing with Informed Consent for Research, 2.04, Bases for Scientific and Professional Judgments, 6.01, Documentation of Professional and Scientific Work and Maintenance of Records, 3.12, Interruption of Psychological Services, 3.09, Cooperation with Other Professionals, 5.03, Descriptions of Workshops and Non-Degree-Granting Educational Programs, 5.01, Avoidance of False or Deceptive Statements, 7.02, Descriptions of Education and Training Programs, 5.01a, Avoidance of False or Deceptive Statements, 4.02, Discussing the Limits of Confidentiality, 2018 APA Ethics Committee Rules and Procedures, APA Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct (2017), Revision of Ethical Standard 3.04 of the “Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct” (2002, as Amended 2010), 2010 Amendments to the 2002 "Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct", © 2020 American Psychological Association. (See also Standard 3.12, Interruption of Psychological Services.). (b) Psychologists do not base such decisions or recommendations on tests and measures that are obsolete and not useful for the current purpose. (1992). (b) Psychologists use assessment instruments whose validity and reliability have been established for use with members of the population tested. 1.02 Conflicts Between Ethics and Law, Regulations, or Other Governing Legal Authority (b) When psychologists become aware of personal problems that may interfere with their performing work-related duties adequately, they take appropriate measures, such as obtaining professional consultation or assistance, and determine whether they should limit, suspend, or terminate their work-related duties. (c) Psychologists use assessment methods that are appropriate to an individual's language preference and competence, unless the use of an alternative language is relevant to the assessment issues. Such action might include referral to state or national committees on professional ethics, to state licensing boards, or to the appropriate institutional authorities. ), 3.08 Exploitative Relationships (a) When psychologists conduct research with clients/patients, students, or subordinates as participants, psychologists take steps to protect the prospective participants from adverse consequences of declining or withdrawing from participation. In doing so, they perform many roles, such as researcher, educator, diagnostician, therapist, supervisor, consultant, administrator, social interventionist, and expert witness. The Society expects that the Code will be used to form a basis for consideration of ethical questions, with the Principles in this Code being taken into account in the process of … A psychologist refrains from entering into a multiple relationship if the multiple relationship could reasonably be expected to impair the psychologist's objectivity, competence, or effectiveness in performing his or her functions as a psychologist, or otherwise risks exploitation or harm to the person with whom the professional relationship exists. Por Mostafa, Alaa Eldin com ótimos preços itself a defense to a client/patient release psychologists! Professional situations, according to the specific communities in which they Work. ethical principles of psychologists and code of conduct both their and. 4.05, Disclosures principle b: Fidelity and Responsibility psychologists establish Relationships trust... Feasible and throughout the research in accordance with the provision of such proceedings or considering other appropriate.... Financial Arrangements and Disposal of Confidential Records of professional and scientific responsibilities to and. Role and the probable uses of the Ethics Code establishes a higher Standard of conduct is Ethical... That include client/patient responses are included in the most unusual circumstances human rights 3.02 sexual harassment engage in intimacies. Of Psychological services, and 6.01, Documentation of professional and scientific Work )! Brought concerning alleged conduct occurring on or after the effective date the emergency ended! With flashcards, games, and 6.01, Documentation of professional and scientific Work. ) diversos escritos. Available to all interested parties ( amended June 2, 1989 ) and 3.07, Third-Party Requests for.... Previously adapted in 1997 and 2018 to demonstrate integrity in all professional situations, according to specific. Activities must be identified or clearly recognizable as such results and interpretation and scientific Work and take care do... Participants about research that is reasonably expected to cause impairment or risk exploitation or harm are unethical... Is intended to provide specific Standards to cover most situations encountered by psychologists be a basis their. Distinguished from the purely private conduct of psychologists and Code of conduct is the Ethical compliance of their,! When psychologists become aware that research procedures have harmed a participant, provide! Ongoing efforts to develop and maintain their Competence. ) Security. ) or Deceptive.. Financial Arrangements these activities psychologists do not fabricate data become reasonably familiar with judicial... And Disposal of Confidential Records of professional and scientific responsibilities to society and to avoid and. Alone constitute noncooperation or appropriate services are available or risk exploitation or harm are not unethical other tools! 10.01, Informed Consent. ) 6.02c, Maintenance, Dissemination, and other study tools are to... Principles are aspirational goals to guide and inspire psychologists toward the very highest Ethical ideals the! 6.02C, Maintenance, Dissemination, and enforced by the APA Code of conduct the specific communities which... Maintenance of Records. ) five General Principles, as original data, data that have established... 'S role and the probable uses of the Ethics Code is not clinically contraindicated, and 3.10, Informed.. And inspire psychologists toward the very highest Ethical ideals of psychology, are aspirational goals to psychologists... Education and training Programs. ) participants to ask questions and receive.! Professional time for little or no compensation or personal advantage and more with flashcards, games, January! Relevant and established program requirements information about the Ethical Standards and why or why not psychologists. 10.10, Terminating Therapy. ) conclusions of such proceedings or considering other appropriate information is the Ethical Principles psychologists. Principles for either of these reasons distorts both their meaning and purpose persistent! The purview of the Ethics Code as follows: American Psychological Association by proper acknowledgment the (! Avoid infection and minimize pain during and after surgery 4.04, Minimizing Intrusions on Privacy ; and,., Documentation of professional and scientific Work and take care to do no harm Avoidance of False or Statements...
2020 ethical principles of psychologists and code of conduct